Tag Archives: poison

The Flint Drinking Water Crisis

flintvsdetroitdrinkingwaterDeborah Fennema, Booth Library’s Government Documents LOA has selected some government documents, news reports and websites related to the Flint Michigan drinking water crisis.

“How Tap Water Became Toxic in Flint, Michigan” from the WWLP newsroom http://wwlp.com/2016/01/11/how-tap-water-became-toxic-in-flint-michigan/

1. EPA’s Flint Drinking Water Documents
(October, November and December 2015)

2. High Lead at Three Residences in Flint, Michigan
Transmission of Final Report (Nov. 4, 2015) [28 pages] by Miguel Del Toral

3. Compiled highlights of FOIA requests by Virginia Tech’s Marc Edwards, investigating the Flint water crisis. (pdf)

4. Flint Water Study updates , A website established by an independent research team from Virginia Tech University.

5. HHS to Lead Federal Response in Flint January 19 post from On the Ground This Week: a blog from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the National Library of Medicine.

6. Some historical perspective: Report on Water Pollution in the Lake Huron Basin – Flint River – a 1966 EPA study – [91 pages]

7. Flint’s Mayor Drinks Water From Tap To Prove It Is Safe
(July 2015 local news report from Saginaw Michigan CBS affiliate WNEM)

January 21, 2016

A List of Resources compiled by The National Library of Medicine, Specialized Information Services Division https://sis.nlm.nih.gov/index.html
National Network of Libraries of Medicine Greater Midwest Region http://nnlm.gov/gmr

The information below about health effects of lead and safe drinking water is from the National Library of Medicine resources including the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB); ChemIDPlus, Tox Town, and MedlinePlus as well as from other federal agencies, local agencies, and other authoritative sources.

Michigan Government Agencies
Taking Action on Flint Water: Flint Water Response Team http://www.michigan.gov/flintwater

Michigan Emergency Management Association

City of Flint https://www.cityofflint.com/

“Water bottle recycling program”; “Governor approves $28 million in immediate aid”; “Non-City of Flint residents receiving Flint River water”; “Efforts continue to provide safe water resources”; “Mayor & Governor announce updates on water situation,” and much more…

Genesee County
•City of Flint Emergency Declaration/Public Health Emergency Declaration http://www.gc4me.com/alert_detail.php
•Water Resource Sites http://www.gc4me.com/departments/emg_mgt_homeland_sec/city_of_flint_water_emergency.php

Genesee County Health Department and Michigan Department of Health and Human Services
Facts About Lead in Flint Water (PDF, 600 KB) http://www.childrensdmc.org/upload/docs/ClinicalServices/pccleadinflintwater.pdf

Twitter feeds
•Michigan State Police, Emergency Management and Homeland Security Division https://twitter.com/michemhs
•Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) https://twitter.com/MichiganDEQ

U.S. Federal Organizations
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
•Sources of Lead – Water  http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/tips/water.htm
•CDC’s Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/about/program.htm
•Blood Lead Levels in Children (PDF, 300 KB) http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/acclpp/lead_levels_in_children_fact_sheet.pdf
•What Do Parents Need to Know to Protect Their Children?  Update on Blood Lead Levels in Children http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/ACCLPP/blood_lead_levels.htm
•Information for Parents: http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/parents.htm
•Water in Hemodialysis http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/other/medical/hemodialysis.html

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
•Toxic Substances Portal – ToxFAQs for Lead http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/tf.asp?id=93&tid=22
•Medical Management Guidelines for Lead (Pb) http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MMG/MMG.asp?id=1203&tid=22

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
•Advice to Flint Residents http://www.epa.gov/mi/advice-flint-residents
•Flint Safe Drinking Water Task Force http://www.epa.gov/mi/flint-safe-drinking-water-task-force
•Lead http://www.epa.gov/lead
•Lead in Drinking Water http://www.epa.gov/lead/protect-your-family#water

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Department of Homeland Security
•Michigan Contaminated Water (EM-3375) http://www.fema.gov/disaster/3375

Health Resources for the Public from the National Library of Medicine
Tox Town – Interactive guide to toxic substances and environmental health issues in everyday places
•Lead http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/text_version/chemicals.php?id=16
•Drinking Water http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/text_version/locations.php?id=18

Tox Town en español
•Plomo http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/espanol/chemicals.php?id=59
•Agua potable http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/espanol/locations.php?id=81

MedlinePlus – Health information for patients, families and health care providers
•Lead Poisoning https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/leadpoisoning.html
•Chemical Emergencies https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/chemicalemergencies.html
•Coping with Disasters https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/copingwithdisasters.html
•Drinking Water: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/drinkingwater.html

MedlinePlus en español
•Envenenamiento con plomo  https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/leadpoisoning.html
•Emergencias químicas https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/chemicalemergencies.html
•Enfrentarse con desastres https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/copingwithdisasters.html
•Agua Potable: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/drinkingwater.html

Health Information on Chemical Components of Lead
Lead Compounds (This record contains general information for lead ions and compounds.)
•Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search2/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+6923
•ChemIDplus http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/name/lead%20compounds

Lead, Elemental (RN: 7439-92-1) (This record contains information for lead in its zero valence state only)
•HSDB http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search2/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+231
•ChemIDplus http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/name/lead

Other Information from the National Library of Medicine
Lead and Human Health – Web guide with background information, laws and regulations, and pre-formulated searches of relevant National Library of Medicine databases.
HealthReach – Health Information in Many Languages
Lead Poisoning https://healthreach.nlm.nih.gov/Search.aspx?source=homepage&SearchAllText=lead+poisoning
Disaster LitSM: The Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health
Water Security http://disasterlit.nlm.nih.gov/search/?searchTerms=%22water+emergency%22+OR+%22water+security%22+&search.x=0&search.y=0&search=Search

Lead Exposure and Pregnant Women
Guidelines for the Identification and Management of Lead Exposure in Pregnant and Lactating Women (PDF, 4,24 MB)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
•:Lead – Tips – At risk Populations – Pregnant Women
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Lead and Pregnancy
MotherToBaby.org, Organization of Teratology Information Specialists
Lead Screening During Pregnancy and Lactation
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
•Blood Lead Screening Guidelines For Pregnant & Breastfeeding Women in Minnesota
Minnesota Department of Health

Lead Exposure and Children
Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children Associated with the Flint Drinking Water Crisis: A Spatial Analysis of Risk and Public Health Response
Am J Public Health. 2015 Dec 21:e1-e8. [Epub ahead of print]
•Leadfreekids.org http://www.leadfreekids.org/
Why children are at risk
Educational Interventions for Children Affected by Lead (PDF)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Childhood Lead Poisoning Publications
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
State and Local Healthy Homes and Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Programs (CLPPPs)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDC’s Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/about/program.htm
Blood Lead Levels in Children (PDF, 300 KB) http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/acclpp/lead_levels_in_children_fact_sheet.pdf
What Do Parents Need to Know to Protect Their Children?  Update on Blood Lead Levels in Childrenhttp://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/ACCLPP/blood_lead_levels.htm

Lead in Soil
Lead Toxicity: What are the U.S. Standards for Lead Levels?
Agency for Toxic Substance & Disease Registry
Children, gardens, and lead by Linda M. Ameroso and Charles P. Mazza
Cornell University
Lead in the home garden and urban soil environment
University of Minnesota Extension
Lead in Residential Soils: Sources, Testing, and Reducing Exposure
Penn State Extension
•Soil Lead: Testing, Interpretation, & Recommendations
University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Social Media
News, announcements, personal opinions and commentary

Twitter hashtags:

Twitter feeds
•Michigan State Police, Emergency Management and Homeland Security Division https://twitter.com/michemhs
•Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) https://twitter.com/MichiganDEQ

•Michigan Emergency Management Association https://www.facebook.com/memaonline/

Submitted by Siobhan Champ-Blackwell, MSLIS | Health Sciences Librarian
Specialized Information Services Division | Disaster Information Management Research Center
6707 Democracy Blvd.  Suite 510 | Bethesda, MD 20892-5467
301-496-2742, phone | 301-480-3537, fax